What is Diabetes and what treatments are available?

What is Diabetes and what treatments are available?
What is Diabetes and what treatments are available?

I get a lot of people asking me at #HealthCare4All and my pharmacy about diabetes, so i thought I would write this weeks blog explaining what diabetes is and what treatments are available.

Millions of people all over the world suffer from diabetes. This is a chronic illness where the sugar level of a person is too high that it starts affecting their body’s normal processes.

Causes and Risk factors

Diabetes develops when the body has a resistance to insulin, or doesn’t produce enough of it. This hormone produced in our bodies controls the blood sugar level. Although we need sugar, or glucose, in our bodies to serve as fuel and energy, too much of it will cause problems with our digestive and excretory system.

People who have a family history of diabetes are at high risk of developing it. Being overweight, stressed, not having a balanced diet and being less physically active are also risk factors.

Types

There are two types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes: Occurs when the body is not producing any insulin or is only producing very little of it. In this case, the body has actually destroyed its own insulin producing cells found inside the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune illness.

Type 2 diabetes: Happens when the body’s cells are no longer responding properly to insulin. A big percentage of Type 2 diabetes patients develop the illness because of being unfit and overweight. This form of diabetes develops later in life, but there are cases where patients develop the disease as early as their 20s.

Through diabetic testing, doctors can diagnose this illness during its early stages. This makes it easier for patients to learn about diabetes monitoring and the ways to keep their blood sugar stable. There are many diabetes products available in the market, ranging from special diabetic meals to diabetic foot care.

At HealthCare4All we have a whole range of products including the Accu-Chek Mobile Blood Glucose Diabetes Monitoring System Kit £34.99, which makes blood glucose monitoring easier & more convenient, and allows you to test without inserting or disposing of strips.

0 Strip Free tests on a continuous tape – no single strips to handle or dispose of
6 lancets in a drum – no single lancets to see or touch
Easy lancing with 1-Click action to prime and release
Just 4 simple steps to perform a test
2000 test memory plus 7, 14, 30 and 90 day averages
PC ready reports via a USB cable (not supplied)
No clinical waste
Designed for people with diabetes using insulin
Measures in mmol/L

For more products take a look at HealthCare4All.co.uk

At the end of the day however, prevention is still key when it comes to diabetes. Knowing the risk factors should help people become aware if they can develop diabetes later in life. Having a healthy lifestyle, keeping active and staying away from too much stress helps steer clear of developing diabetes.

 

 

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Diabetic foot care: Advice for looking after your feet when living with diabetes

Foot related problems are common amongst those living with diabetes. Adequate food care is therefore extremely important for people diagnosed with diabetes.

Diabetes reduces the blood supply in the feet, which can create a loss of feeling known as peripheral neuropathy. As the NHS describes, peripheral neuropathy occurs when the nerves become damaged in the extremities of the body, such as the feet and hand. Consequently, foot injuries do not heal well in diabetics.

As foot specialist Mike O’Neill advises:

“The risk of complications can be greatly reduced if you’re able to bring your blood sugar levels under control.”

One common problem, which according to Diabetes.co.uk can affect as many as one out of ten people with diabetes, are foot ulcers. If left untreated, these ulcers, which often start as blisters, can develop into small wounds and can potentially lead to the threat of amputation.

Due to the fact that ulcers take a long time to heal and require rigorous treatment, foot ulcers, even small ones, can pose as a serious problem for people with diabetes.

Taking care of your feet when you have diabetes

Diabetic foot care should involve a number of precautionary methods, including visiting a podiatrist at least once a year.

As Diabetes.co.uk advises, people with diabetes should check their feet regularly and look for signs of foot damage, including cuts, bruising, swelling, grazes, sores, ulceration, changes to the colour of the feet and hard skin.

It is also important that people with diabetes wear well-fitted shoes, which do not rub or pinch the feet. Badly-fitted shoes can cause problems associated with the nails, as well as ulcers, calluses and corns. Toe nails should also be trimmed on a regular basis to avoid rubbing and nail problems occurring.

Diabetes products

There are various diabetes products available on the market designed specifically at helping prevent and cure problems associated with the diabetes condition.

Heathcare4all sells products specifically designed for diabetic foot care.

Diabetic socks and insoles

Diabetic socks and insoles can help relieve tired and aching feet.

One such product available on Healthcare4all is the Liqua Care Therapeutic Insoles.

The Liqua Care Therapeutic Insoles are effective in alleviating tired and aching feet. When walking on these insoles the body weight gets distributed more evenly on the feet, whilst the flowing liquid provides a constant massage to the muscles in the feet.   

Walking and standing therefore becomes much easier with the Liqua Care Therapeutic Insoles. Recent research found that the Liqua Care Therapeutic Insoles are an effective intervention for patients who are at risk of foot ulcers, such as diabetics.

The Liqua Care Therapeutic Insoles cost £23.29 from Healthcare4all, excluding VAT.

 

 

 

 

 

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